Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are negative occurrences in childhood, including abuse, neglect or household dysfunction, which are linked to compromised health and well-being in adulthood. The Wisconsin Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Board has been investing in collecting Wisconsin specific adverse childhood data because of the prevalence and impact that these experiences have on Wisconsin children, communities, and society. The ACE data has provided a great deal of information regarding the importance of childhood experiences to lifelong well-being. Early experiences have a broader and more profound impact than most of us would ever guess. Daily interactions and experiences in infancy and childhood greatly influence the architecture of our developing brains and our subsequent emotional, cognitive, social and neurobiological functioning.
Prevalence: Recurrent physical abuse, emotional abuse, and sexual abuse are Adverse Childhood Experiences. 58% of Wisconsin adults reported growing up experiencing one or more ACEs. Among those Wisconsin adults who reported having at least one ACE, almost one quarter reported having 4 or more.
Impact: The research shows significant correlations between the number of ACEs a person experienced as a child and his or her adult health and well-being. As the number of reported ACEs increased, the likelihood of depression, cancer, diabetes, sexually transmitted diseases, alcoholism, drug use, smoking, ischemic heart disease, chronic bronchitis or emphysema, skeletal fractures, suicidality, and homelessness significantly increased as well. Individuals with 4 or more ACEs have a higher likelihood of health risk behaviors and poor health outcomes.
Prevention: Child maltreatment not only exacts a high price from its victims, it is also extremely costly to the average tax payer, both in terms of lost human potential and real dollars. The total lifetime expense for just one year of confirmed cases of child maltreatment is estimated at $121.6 billion. Prevention works. The presence of protective factors can strengthen families and build safe, stable, and nurturing relationships, often mitigating the consequences of early childhood adversity. Implementing prevention programming that recognizes parental strengths and increases knowledge of parenting and child development can help communities to prevent abuse and neglect from occurring.
To learn more about ACEs visit the
Effects of Child Maltreatment webpage.
original ACE study was conducted in San Diego the 1990's by Dr. Robert Anda from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and Dr. Vincent Felitti of Kaiser Permanente. In 2010, the Wisconsin Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Board was instrumental in supporting the addition of the ACE module to the Wisconsin Behavioral Risk Survey.
Three reports have been produced, which highlight various impacts of ACEs among Wisconsin adults.
The Influence of Adverse Childhood Experiences on the Health of Wisconsin Citizens in Adulthood
Utilizing the findings from the cumulative data of 2011, 2012, and 2013, this brief further explores the relationship between ACEs and various aspects of poor physical and mental health in adulthood.
Wisconsin ACE Brief: 2011 and 2012 Data
This report from 2014 focuses on socio-demographic factors, race and the relationship to ACEs.
Adverse Childhood Experiences in Wisconsin: Findings from the 2010 Behavioral Risk survey
Published in 2012, this report revealed that ACEs are common in Wisconsin and that the relationship between ACEs and poor health and well-being among Wisconsinites mirrors that found in the original California ACE study.